Cyber security is the application of technologies and computer systems controls to prevent and mitigate the risk of unauthorized access to networks, software and devices and data from malicious attackers. It aims to mitigate the risk of external attacks by attackers who are not authorized to connect to a network or system. Cyber security companies are providing different types of services to help businesses to prevent attacks, which include application of new technologies to enhance business protection and information assurance, development of new security solutions, application of defensive technology against external threats and service providers. The internet has been a medium through which millions of cyber criminals have attacked business networks, websites and personal computers of people. Thus, it is very important for businesses to adopt effective cyber security measures to protect their network from such attacks and help business to continue running efficiently.
Prevention of attacks is more important than the recovery of stolen data. Many companies that have faced cyber security threats have suffered huge monetary losses because of the damage to the business and the information stored. Therefore, it is essential for businesses to understand the cyber security risks, identify the cause of the attacks, take quick action, minimize the impact of the attacks and stop the source of the attacks once they are identified. The first step to take towards cyber security is knowledge of the cyber security risks and what to do if a particular network or software is attacked. Taking quick actions to mitigate the damage done to the company and stop the source of attacks will help business recover quicker.
There are 5 types of cyber security threats: data theft, data corruption, information security abuse and system attack. Corporate data can be the most valuable asset of any company and therefore it should be protected and taken care of appropriately. Businesses should implement measures to prevent the loss of corporate information in transit and at rest in networks and on backup servers. Data corruption is when a file is corrupted either by human error or a mechanical error, causing the data stored in the system to become inaccessible. This is one of the most serious types of cyber security threat because if this happens the entire network and the business will be vulnerable to hackers.
Hackers target computer networks and software applications that run with the network security. One type of cyber security risk is a data security abuse where hackers gain access to the networks to gather the company’s confidential data. This is one of the most serious types of cyber security threat because if this happens, the entire network and all the important files and programs may be affected. Computer security professionals usually treat these incidents as portability threats because they spread the infection from one computer to another over the Internet. To prevent this from happening, business owners should install anti-virus programs, firewalls and other computer security measures.
Another type of cyber security threat is a computer security abuse where hackers use hacking tools and exploits to gain access to networks without authorization. When this happens, computers are infected and network settings are compromised. This makes the hacker able to run malicious codes in the victim’s system. To prevent this from happening, business owners should update their anti-virus software and patch their systems frequently.
Device security is another cyber crime that can affect both internal and external networks. This type of cyber security threat usually comes from attacks on corporate data from the internet or from USBs or other removable media. When this happens, the data can be stolen. Attackers who want to steal the data usually get into the devices, install malicious programs and then transfer or copy the data to remote locations. Businesses should implement risk assessments to identify the vulnerabilities of their systems and implement controls such as updating USB passwords.
Applying cyber security measures is not only about security protection for networks and devices. It also includes processes like reviewing application requirements. Businesses should review business processes to identify the risks of each process and implementing controls where appropriate. For instance, when doing a drug approval process, it is important to consider the application, the industry, the risk and the cost. By applying controls to processes, application developers and businesses can reduce threats and increase operational efficiency.
Businesses and organizations are constantly working to protect their systems from cyber threats. By identifying vulnerabilities in their systems and implementing controls, businesses can avoid costly cyber security events. By identifying the most common threats and making control changes, businesses can better protect their networks from harmful attacks. In addition, by monitoring the activity on their networks, businesses can quickly respond when a cyber attack occurs. While cyberattacks are annoying, they are costly and prevent businesses from doing their jobs.